• W.E.B. DuBois,
  • Assessed Valuation of all Taxable Property Owned by Georgia Negros,
  • W.E.B. DuBois,
  • Negro business men in the United States,
  • .,
  • W.E.B. DuBois,
  • Assessed Value of Household and Kitchen Furniture,
  • .,

In 1900, sociologist and civil rights activist W.E.B. DuBois created a series of data visualizations for the “Exhibit of American Negroes” at that year’s Paris Exhibition. The graphs and charts center on the socioeconomic conditions facing Black Americans in the state of Georgia, tracing income, marital status, property ownership, and more for visual representation.

The portraits render this information in a uniquely modernist style, opting for a simplified and stylized approach to data visualization. DuBois turned numbers into solid color fields, bending bar graphs and spooling figures into spirals as he did so. In these deliberate representational decisions, DuBois merged artistic inclinations with his sociological practice.